Writing a sentence, eating a spoonful of soup or buttoning a shirt may seem like simple tasks. However, if you have tremors in your hand, head, voice, legs or trunk causing shaking, these tasks can be daunting. Occupational therapy can help.
Essential tremor, or ET, is the most common movement disorder among adults. According to the International Essential Tremor Foundation, ET is a neurological condition that causes a rhythmic trembling or shaking of the hands, head, voice, legs or trunk.
“It is often confused with Parkinson’s disease although essential tremor is eight times more common, affecting an estimated 7 to 10 million Americans and millions more worldwide,” said Anna Rinholen, occupational therapist at Marshfield Clinic Health System.
Just like ET, functional tremor, or FT, causes involuntary (uncontrollable) rhythmic movements, usually of an arm or leg. FT can occur when the nervous system is not working properly.
“Just as with ET and Parkinson’s tremors, people with FT experience emotional distress and often some degree of disability,” Rinholen said. “However, no underlying physical cause can be found.”
A thorough neurological examination with a health care provider will help to assess the tremor to determine the cause. Though there are differences in ET and FT, if one has a tremor, an occupational therapist can be requested and then review how the tremor is impacting your day-to-day life. This tremor can be addressed whether newly diagnosed or present for some time. The occupational therapist can do a comprehensive evaluation to help establish a personalized program.
“Occupational therapy can look at areas of eating, dressing, bathing, toileting, grooming, driving, cooking, home management, handwriting, and many more daily activities at home and in the community,” Rinholen said. “The purpose of occupational therapy is to teach modifications, adaptations and strategies to that make functioning for individuals easier in each and/or all of those areas.”
Occupational therapy can address, but is not limited to, the following:
- Proper body mechanics and stability for hand control
- Adaptive devices, such as weighted utensils
- Modification of a task
- Technology options, such as kitchen tools
- Handwriting concerns
- Coping tips for stress reduction
- Any related fatigue or pain
- Exercise programs
DBS therapy and other treatments
In addition to occupational therapy, your neurology team can further address other common therapy, such as medication or surgical interventions like DBS therapy. During DBS therapy, a small, pacemaker-like device is placed under the skin in the chest. This device sends electronic signals to an area in the brain that controls movement and these signals block some brain messages that cause disabling motor symptoms. Very thin wires connect it to the brain to enable signals to reach the source of tremor symptoms.
Collaboration with the neurologist and occupational therapist can assist in management and reduction of the symptoms, including appropriate tips.
“There are ways to minimize the effects of tremors on your daily life,” Rinholen said. “With a comprehensive care team, the goal would be to find tasks that are challenging with a tremor to be less daunting and more enjoyable.”
If you’re concerned and wondering about a potential tremor, contact your health care provider.