While warnings about high levels of LDL cholesterol, or “bad” cholesterol, in the blood and increased risk of heart disease haven’t changed, eating cholesterol-rich foods like eggs, shrimp and salmon isn’t the health concern it once was.
In fact, only about 25 percent of blood cholesterol comes from food (the rest is produced by the liver), and cholesterol is essential for many body functions, said Dr. Shereif Rezkalla, a Marshfield Clinic cardiologist.
Moderation key for cholesterol control
“The advice I’ve been giving for years hasn’t changed. Variety, moderation and balance are important,” she said.
Fats top concerns – not cholesterol
The national dietary panel turned its attention from cholesterol-rich foods to foods high in saturated fat, like fatty meats and butter. Too many servings of foods high in saturated fat could increase risk of heart disease, according to the panel.
Again, moderation is important when it comes to saturated fat. Some foods, like avocados, contain saturated fat, but healthy fats also found in the fruit can reduce bad cholesterol when eaten in moderation.
Trans fats – often found in baked goods, deep-fried foods and packaged snacks – and saturated fats easily are transformed into bad cholesterol, Rezkalla added.
What does this mean for my diet?
- Cholesterol-rich foods like eggs and shrimp can be enjoyed in moderation.
- Be careful of foods high in saturated and trans fat, like fatty meats, baked goods and deep-fried foods.
- Some foods, like avocados, contain saturated fat but can provide health benefits when consumed in moderation.
- Your doctor or dietitian can help you learn more about selecting healthful foods and controlling or lowering your blood cholesterol.