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Experiencing pain? Try these coping skills

A woman and her daughter meditate.
Your mental and emotional wellness impacts how pain feels. Techniques and therapy provide skills to cope with pain mindfully.

Your mental health can impact how you cope with pain. You may be feeling more stress because of the uncertainty surrounding the COVID-19. Building skills to manage your emotions and stressors can improve your daily function when living with pain.

Pain is a subjective experience that varies from person to person. You can’t detect pain in the same way as a broken bone or other physical injury, but its effects can have long-term impact.

Managing pain produces long-term benefits

It’s important to effectively manage your pain early, because left untreated it could lead to  chronic pain. Chronic pain lasts longer than six months and can influence how a person lives their daily life. “One in three adults live with pain,” said Heather Schmidt, director of quality and patient safety pain resource nurse specialist for Marshfield Clinic Health System. “Chronic pain affects more Americans than diabetes, heart disease and cancer combined.”

There are multiple ways to help decrease chronic pain, including over-the-counter or prescription medication, physical therapy and even surgery. However, taking care of your mental and emotional wellness can make a difference in how pain feels. Specific techniques and different therapy options help build resilience and teach skills to manage chronic pain mindfully.

By managing your thoughts and emotions, you can help mitigate the intensity of pain. This is called the gate control theory. Positive actions can close the gates that control pain signals so less pain signals go through to your brain. These positive sensations can override and reduce painful situations.

Emotional influence on physical pain

Decreasing stress in healthy ways can give you an advantage to cope with pain. A healthy diet with an active lifestyle and good sleep habits are positive coping skills to help you handle your stress levels.

Your mental health also plays a role in your stress levels. Focusing on positive things or a positive internal monologue can change your perceived comfort level and overall outlook. You can distract yourself from pain by engaging in activities you enjoy.

These methods can be used in conjunction with medications to create a pain management plan. In some cases they can be an alternative for medications. Opioids are a class of drugs that treat pain. They interact with your nerve cell receptors to reduce the intensity of pain signals and feelings of pain. However, opioids come with complications and long-term risks. You can build a tolerance to them where you need more to receive the same pain relief effect, which can lead to the development of dependence.

Instead of relying only on medications, try:

Work with your care team to set realistic pain management goals and a treatment plan that works best for you. “Discuss ways to manage your pain without prescription opioids,” Schmidt said. “Some of these options may actually work better and have fewer risks and side effects.”

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3 responses to “Experiencing pain? Try these coping skills”

  1. JeanG

    Not everyone abuses medications for chronic pain. I've been on a somewhat stronger pain medicine for many years now and I've never taken too many so why are individuals like me being scrutinized so closely for overusing pain medications? Going to the Pain Clinic was my only was of convincing ANY Marshfield doctor that I was in terrific pain all day long. I also have Fibromyalgia and arthritis throughout my body. Both knees and one thumb have no cartilage in them and I have degenerative hip joints, not to mention a plethora of other troubles.

    The younger doctors that have been coming in to Marshfield and Mayo clinics need to realize that they are there to save lives and to alleviate pain, not to take something that is working for an individual away because they're "afraid" a person may become addicted. I'm a good example of non-addiction. I've been on narcotic pain relievers for over 30 years and have been evaluated for addiction and do not have a problem. What I receive as a daily one dose should NOT be the same for a 95 pound woman, and yet it still is. Dosages for people of different weights NEED to be addressed TODAY, not years from now. Its gone on too long now. My brother is 306 pounds and he receives the same dose I do for pain relief which is crazy because I weigh much less and it would probably be too much for me to receive the same dose as him. Please, mention this to the medical community, doses need to be changed according to weight and height of a person. I'm sorry if this is off the subject but I needed a platform to voice this opinion. Thank you

  2. Eleanor Freudigmann

    Have foot pain. Dr gave an OK for injection . When? July the end of. Is MC kidding over a month!

    1. Jacob Zipperer

      Hello Eleanor,

      We are so sorry to hear about the negative experience you had and understand your frustration.

      If you would like, I can connect you with our patient experience team. I would just need your phone number which you could email to shine365@marshfieldclinic.org securely if you would like. They would then reach out to see if there is anything they can do to help.

      Thank you,

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